BHO & DABS - WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW
BUTANE HASH OIL - WHAT IT IS
BHO - or butane hash oil - is a concentrated cannabis extract that looks like wax.
BHO is extracted from cannabis by pushing liquid butane (a flammable solvent) through a tube packed with buds. The butane cannabis extract is placed under low heat where the solvent evaporates, and the remainder is a mixture of essential oils, waxes, chlorophyll, terpenes and cannabinoids. This method of extraction has great advantages and disadvantages over other processing methods. In other procedures, the volatile components, the terpenes are lost during heating. Since butane is a very flammable liquid, if you don't take care, you could win a Darwin award and go to heaven.
Various terpenes (essential oils of cannabis) and cannabinoids interact in a complex way within the human body, in what is know as the entourage effect. Nature's mixture has been found scientifically to deliver a higher quality of medicinal and / or recreational experience. However, butane is mildly toxic, and long term exposure is an issue for both users and manufacturers.
"Dabbing is a new method of taking marijuana. It involves highly concentrated preparations of cannabis, also known as dabs or butane hash oil (BHO). Dabs are made by extracting the active ingredient, THC, from cannabis using butane as the solvent."
Therefore, the process of making the highest quality BHO is tricky indeed, because the volatile components (terpenes) can evaporate with the removal of butane. The lab test you want to see on cannabis extracts is called a total residual solvent test. Other solvents that are used (some should not be used) are dichloromethane, methanol, ethanol, hexane, naphthalene, benzene and others.
Liquid butane is a preferred solvent for extracting cannabinoids like THC and CBD because the trichome heads (in buds) dissolve quickly. Chemically speaking, cannabinoids and wax are nonpolar, which love to mingle (dissolve) into nonpolar liquids like butane.
BHO extracts vary in appearance due to the various post extraction treatments to remove the residual benzene and wax, such as washing with alcohol, whipping, and other tricks of the trade. Popular BHO names include wax, honey, taffy, hash oil, honey-comb, honey-toast, shatter, glass, whip, comb, ‘tane among others.. Some part-time tokers find BHO to be too strong, but many recreational and medical users appreciate a good adult dose. Beware that BHO, if improperly prepared, can contain isobutane, propane and other impurities but with generally low toxicity.
MSDS, Butane, states it is non toxic, is extremely flammable, take special precautions in handling and storage: Do not handle or store near heat, sparks or flame. Contents are under pressure.. Heating container in excess of 120° F may cause cans to burst or explode. Vapor density heavier than air and highly flammable.
BHO LAWS IN CALIFORNIA
California’s drug laws punish manufacturers of BHO very harshly. It is assumed that the production process is very dangerous and endangers the public. Under Health and Safety Code 11379.6 it is prohibited to extract marijuana resin to produce concentrated cannabis,by means of butane, pressure cookers, or other inventive ways to make hash oil.
PUNISHMENT FOR BHO MANUFACTURE
Making BHO without a permit is generally treated as a much more serious than trafficking marijuana, with a minimum of three years to a maximum of seven years in state prison, under the California Penal Code. Offenders may sometimes serve one year in a county jail if they are eligible for parole.
PROVING AN OFFENCE
To get busted, the prosecution needs to prove that the defendant produced, derived, manufactured, compounded, converted, processed, prepared marijuana by using chemical extraction or chemical means. Also, if you are part way through the process, you can still be convicted provided it can be shown that you intend to produce BHO. i.e. have solvent, apparatus, and pot at hand. The prosecution must prove that the defendant knew the nature of marijuana and its character as a controlled substance. In other words, once you read this article, you'd be guilty if you make BHO. But, you might get off if you make some hash oil for the first time not knowing what you are doing. In any case, check with a cannabis lawyer before you take any action in the business of marijuana.
WHAT IF SOMEONE STAYING IN MY HOUSE MADE BHO
Providing a Place for Manufacture. Health & Safety Code 11366.5. This kind of case is not as rare as you would think. It is common for the DA to charge both the homeowner and the manufacturer. You must then prove that no aiding and abetting the BHO manufacture occurred.
REGULATION OF MARIJUANA AND HASH OIL LAWS
In states where marijuana legal, marijuana hash oil laws are often becoming more restrictive due to the fire hazards by novice manufacturers. Colorado and some other states are instituting strict manufacturing guidelines which require oversight by the health department and other local agencies.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU ARE CHARGED WITH MANUFACTURE OF BHO
Call an experienced medical marijuana lawyer right away. If your defense is messed up, you can get seven years. With the right defence you can either get off entirely or get a minimum sentence, if you are normally a law abiding citizen.
"Section 11379.6(a) states: “Except as otherwise provided by law, every person who compounds, converts, produces, derives, processes, or prepares, either directly or indirectly by chemical extraction or independently by means of chemical synthesis, any controlled substance – shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for three, five, or seven years and by a fine up to $50,000.“
420EVALUATIONSONLINE: If you want to buy hash oil legally in California and Nevada, you definitely will need a recommendation for medical marijuana from a licensed physician. 420 evaluations can be completed online in minutes at a fraction of the cost of a visit to a clinic. Patients don't pay until they are approved. We also provide cannabis ID cards, grower's permits, and renewals with 24/7 verification of documents. Recommendations and ID cards are used at dispensaries, cannabis clubs, delivery services, clinics and online medical marijuana suppliers in California and Nevada.
WARNING - MAKING BHO MAY BE THE LAST THING YOU EVER DO
“In October 2003, Reverend Donny Appleby, a med-pot activist and Church of the Universe clergy member, killed himself when he tried to make hash oil medicine to treat his HIV.”
“Butane Explosion Kills Gilroy Man- A 45-year-old man who suffered burns to 90 percent of his body during a butane explosion in a Gilroy motel room last week has died at Santa Clara Valley Medical Center, where he was hospitalized Thursday night, hospital spokeswoman Joy Alexiou said today Gilroy police said the explosion that killed Johns resulted from the ignition of a “significant amount of butane” being used to convert marijuana into hash oil.” I lost the full text news report link, this is from 2006."
“An 18-year-old Chilliwack teen is dead after hash oil he was cooking in the bedroom of a McIntosh Drive apartment exploded and burned more than 40 per cent of his body. The teenager died late Monday at the Victoria Jubilee Hospital where he was taken for treatment of severe burns to his arms and legs following the Saturday morning explosion.”
Making BHO yourself without knowing what you’re doing could not only result in harming yourself but even if you survive the process, it could also harm others. Plenty of rookie BHO-makers feel as though they have confidently and safely made BHO for others to smoke, and then it turns out that they did not perform the evaporation process completely properly, and then have caused other people to inhale unhealthy substances.
Butane hash oil is made by blasting marijuana with butane, a solvent that takes all the THC with it and nothing else. Evaporating away the butane leaves only the resin, a viscous, amber-colored, waxy substance that can get you extremely stoned.
Concentrates 101: What’s on the market, from kief and CO2 oil to BHO. Part 1: Learn about the ways THC is extracted from marijuana, including the dry sieve method for kief, cold-water hash, CO2 oil, butane hash oil and the new rosin trend
With each passing month, the popularity – and controversy – of butane hash oil (BHO) and the phenomenon surrounding it (known as “dabbing”) continues to grow in the cannabis community. Some hail it as a miracle medicine, a quantum leap forward in stoner evolution. Others criticize it, pointing to the potential dangers involved in both making and ingesting it, as well as possible negative effects on the public’s increasingly favorable attitude toward marijuana.
What is BHO and is it safe?What is BHO? Simply put, BHO is a waxy concentrated cannabis extract made by pushing liquid butane (which liquefies easily) through a tube packed with frosty buds. The resulting solution is a mix of concrete oils, waxes, cannabinoids, terpenoids, and sometimes chlorophyll.